Area : 1.2 million
Capital : Lhasa
23C/73F in summer -15C/5F in winter
Population : 2.2
with an average elevation of over 4,000
m, Tibet is considered to be the highest
region in the world and is often called
the "Roof of the World."
This comes as no surprise, especially since
southern Tibet is located in the Himalayas,
which contains many of the world's highest
summits. In addition to its incredible
heights, Tibet is also one of the most isolated
areas on earth, with most of the people
living in elevations ranging from 1200 m
to 5100 m. One of the most famous peaks
found in Tibet is Mount Everest (8848
m), the highest mountain in the world.
Tibet with it's mountains
is the source and dividing line of the Asian
continent's major rivers, with the Brahmaputra
being the most important. Many of the rivers
in Tibet can be used for hydroelectricity,
but this potential hasn't been developed
as of yet.
Festivals of Tibet
New Year (February
It is the greatest festival in Tibet.
In ancient times when the peach tree was
in blossom, it was considered as the starting
of a new year. Since the systematization
of the Tibetan calendar in 1027 A.D., the
first day of the first month became fixed
as the new year. On the New Year's day,
families unite " auspicious dipper"
is offered and the auspicious words "
tashi delek" are greeted.
Saga Dawa Festival
(May or June)
It is the holiest in Tibet, there memorable
occasions coincide on this day, Buddha's
birth and Buddha's enlightenment. Almost
every person within Lhasa join in circum
ambulating round the city and spend there
late afternoon on picnic at " Dzongyab
Lukhang" park at the foot of
Gyantse Horse Race
(May or June)
Horse race and archer are generally popular
in Tibet, and Gyantse enjoys prestige of
being the earliest in history by starting
in 1408. Contests in early times included
horse race, archery, and
Shooting on gallop followed by a few days'
entertainment or picnicking. Presently,ball
games, track and field events, folk songs
and dances, barter trade are in addition
to the above.
Horse Race Festival (10 August)
As the most important festival in North
Tibet during the golden season on the grassland,
thousand of herdsmen throng to Nakchu riding
fine horses, and carrying the local products.
They form as city
Of tens south of Nakchu town. There will
be thrilling horse race, archery and demonstrations
of horsemanship. Songs and dance troupes
from all part of Tibet will add to the fun.
Harvest Festival (September)
The farmers in Lhasa, Gyantse and
Shangnan to celebrating their bumper harvest
in this time. During that time, people enjoy
with horse racing games, costume
fashion show, songs and dance Archery and
Festival (November of December)
Long long ago,when Tibet was in danger
of large scale invasion, the Kongpo people
sent out an army to defend their homeland.It
was in September and the soldiers worried
that they might miss the New Year,highland
barley wine and other good things. So people
had the Tibetan New Year on
1st October ahead of time. To memorize
those brave soldiers Kongpo people present
three sacrifices and stay up at night from
then on. And now it has become the Kongpo
Festival for entertainment like Kongpo
dancing, horse race, archery and shooting.
and Lakes in Tibet
Tibet is full of rivers
and lakes, which provides abundance
of hydroelectric power and aquatic products.
Bushy banks of the rivers and lakes are
the homes of swans and geese.If you do not
watch your step,you might stride on their
eggs.On the banks of the salt water lakes,there
are great heaps of alkali which also contains
niters and borax.
The Yaluzangbu River.As
long as 2,057 km, the Yaluzangbu River turns
and twists like a silver dragon from the
west to the east into the valleys of
South Tibet.It runs through Muotuo county.After
a 90-degree turn,it empties into the Indian
Ocean.People could have a good time with
their yak hide boats on canoes in the upper
level of the River with going down to the
lower level is quite exciting and challenging.
The Manasarovar Lake-A
Holy Lake The lake is situated 30km
southeast of Mt.Holy.It has an area
of 400 square km.The Buddhists believe
that the lake is the bestow from the heaven.The
holy water can cure all kinds of
diseases,wash people clean and get rid of
people's worries.After walking around the
lake and taking baths at the four bathing
Gates,the pilgrims can be free from sins
and can be bestow happiness.The great
monk Juan Zhuang praised it " the
Holy Lake in the West Heaven".
Not far from the lake stands Mt.Holy.It
does not only attracts pilgrims but also
many tourists from home and abroad.
Fish Store-the Yangzongyong
Lake: The Yangzongyong Lake is within
Langkamu county, with an area of 638 square
km and a coastal line of 250 km.The deepest
point is 60 meters. There is plenty
of natural fodder for the fish in the lake.
The lake have a fish reserve of about 300
million kg. That is why it is called "the
Fish Store of Tibet". A lot of
colorful ducks and geese are swimming on
the surface of the lake. The coast of the
lake is an ideal pasture. All these make
an intoxicating quite picture.
The Namu Lake:
With an area of 1940 square km,the Namu
Lake is the 2nd largest salt water lake.
In the lake there are 3 islands, which is
an ideal habitat for all kinds of aquatic
life.One of the islands is made of calcareous
sandstone. It is characterized by the
stone pillars,natural stone bridges
and the stalactite caves. The beaches of
the lake are a beautiful natural pasture.
Wildlife is having a good time there.
No other religion apart
from Buddhism has been able to take
root in Tibet. Only a small population
of about 2,000 throughout Tibet have faith
in Islam, while there is no trace of Christianity
at all. The Bon, the aborigine religion
of Tibet, a sect of Shamanism which
chiefly worshipped idols and the Nature
and practiced driving off of evil spirits,
had at one time prevailed in Tibet but lost
round with the penetration of Buddhism.
Thus, Buddhism can
as well be said to the sole religion
of Tibet, and the faith has taken so
deep in root that it means almost everything
to the Tibetans as already mentioned. Well-to-do
families even built in their compound their
private chapels of prayer-rooms.
to begin with, the first Buddhist scripture
printed in Sanskrit was said to have been
descended from Heaven in the 5th century
during the reign of 28th Tsanpo Tho-Tho-Ri
Nyantsan. It was translated into Tibet,
and later in the 8th century after the visit
the Indian Master Padmasambhava,
the spread of Buddhism got accelerated and
religious sect started taking shape. In
the 11th century the visit of the Bengali
Master, Atisha, to Tibet greatly encouraged
the study of Buddhism into Tibet and sowed
the seed for Gelugpa, the greatest sect
that was to come. Finally, in the 15th century,
Tsongkapa, the great reformer of
Tibetan Buddhism, came to Tibet from
Qinghai and founded the Gelugopa sect, the
Order of Excellence, and here after Buddhism
went all-out spreading like a wild fire
into Tibet and the absolute ruler both of
the claret and the state is another decisive
victory for Buddhism to rise to its paramount
as the religion of the entire Tibetan